Nagashino

 

Teppo firing with arquebuses through palisades at the battle of Nagashino. 15mm figures of my collection

Teppo firing with arquebuses through palisades at the battle of Nagashino. 15mm figures of my collection

 

Battle of Nagashino 29th June 1575 

 

1) Historical Remarks

 

If you take in hand the simulation of samurai battles between 1550 – 1615, the battle of Nagashino falls immediately in the eye. It is the collision of two differently military concepts. On one side the Takeda Clan with a classical oldstyle samurai army with a heavy cavalry on top followed by foot soldiers;. On the other side the allied Oda and Tokugawa clans with an army of new style: These daimyo, poorer then the Takeda, complete their small numbers of mounted and foot samurai by strong Ashigaru units and therefore put in field larger armies than the substantial richer Takeda. In the actual battle 13,000 of altogether 15,000 men on the side of the Takeda oppose about 25,000 men of 38,000 under command of Oda and Tokugawa. 

Therefore it is the question, why Takeda Katsuie, daimyo of the Takeda clan actually accepts the battle. The reason might be that with the Takeda – cavalry he had a unit, whose high repute was probably only comparable with the one of Napoleon´s Old Guard before Waterloo. Although the Takeda clan had already lost battles, the Takeda – cavalry was considered to be undefeatable. Before Nagashino the cavalry attack of the Takeda had never been struck back. The Takeda – cavalry therefore should have overrunned the line of the ashigaru and the following foot soldiers should then slaughter the disordered troops.

 This plan failed because Oda Nobunaga having the supreme command used a three-way tactic exactly opposing the Takeda plans . First he pursuited an almost modern utilization of area. It opposed the Takeda in a place, where Takeda´s troops must advance over several hills and one – seeped although by the dry summer to a rill – river to attack, whereby the attack speed was substantially lowered. Nevertheless the cavalry would had presumably overrunned the foottroops, if he had not protected these secondly by a field fortification ,an over 2 km long bamboo palisade set up behind this river. Thirdly he arranged 3000 Teppo (arkebuse armed musketeers) in three lines each with 1000 men behind this palisade alternately firing and loading and therefore maintaining a continuing salvo fire on the aggressors. New researchs showed that he had not invented this salvo fire but took it over from monk troops fighting against him. Using musketiers as the most important part of his army Oda might be European tactics about approx. 100 years ahead.  

People seeing the celebrated film Kagamusha might know this battle so far. But perhaps they don´t know that on left and right end of the palisade Oda troops were set up before the defense, which the Takeda first attacked. Oda Nobunaga risked the destruction of these troop units, as it occurred, but therefore almost all troops of its opponent were forced in front of the palisade and in front of the arkebuses of his teppo. In their salvofire several attack waves of the Takeda were stopped. Again differently as in the film when the troops of the Takeda were sufficiently shaken, Odas Yari (spears) carrying ashigaru and his samurai counterattacked carrying out the almost complete destruction of the Takeda army. With small own losses two thirds of the Takeda army, i.e.approx. 10,000 men were killed. The Takeda had been switched off by this battle as a substantial power in Japan, Oda was established after this battle as the strongest power factor in the country.

2) Gamelength

Battle length is 6 turns,from 6.00 AM to 12.00 AM. 

3) Victory conditions

 

Oda/Tokugawa win if at gameend they have broken every recognable rwesistance That´s the case if the moral of all clans of Takeda collapsed while Oda/Nobunaga stil have at least 3 clans without collapsed moral.

Takeda wins if at gameend they had substantially broken through the fieldfortication of Oda/Tokugawa and therefore can advance in the enemy provinces after the battle). This is the case if at least 5 unrouted Takeda units wothout collapsed moral are west of the fieldfortification (and a line thougt from both ends of the fortificaation to the north aus south edge of the bettlefield).

If nobody fulfil the victory conditons and neither there is a gamemaster to decide who wins nor the players agree who is winning game ends with a draw.

4) Order of Battle

 

Oda Nobonaga’s Army

Oda’s Clan

1 Strengthpoint = 500 men

Oda Nobunaga
Daimyo (commander-in-chief) of the Oda Clan

Oda’s Household Troops (exhaustion: 7)
Historical notes: includes troops from Okazaki and Torii Clan and others(under personal command of Oda Nobunaga)

Oda Samurai Cavalry 2-6
Oda Foot Samurai 4-6

Oda Ashigaru Yari 4-5

Maeda Toshiie (Oda’s Teppo-Taisho)
Historical notes: Command stand represents Sase Narisama, 2nd commander of the Oda Teppo Regimenter too.
1st Oda Ashigaru Teppo Regiment 2-5*
2nd Oda Ashigaru Teppo Regiment 2-5*

Oda Teppo are despite they have their own commander part of the households troops for exhaustion reasons.

Sakuma Nobumuri (exhaustion: 4)
Historical notes: includes troops from Mizuno Clan and others
Sakuma Foot Samurai 3-6
1st Sakuma Ashigaru Teppo Skirmisher 1-5
2nd Sakuma Ashigaru Teppo Skirmisher 1-5

Hashiba Hideyoshi (Toyotomi Hideyoshi) (exhaustion: 4)
 Historical notes: includes troops from Niwa Clan and others
Toyotomi Foot Samurai 3-6
Toyotomi Ashigaru Yari 4-5
Toyotomi Ashigaru Teppo Skirmisher 1-5

Takigawa Kazumusa (exhaustion: 3)

Historical notes: includes troops from Ishikawa Clan and others
Takigawa Foot Samurai 3-6
Takigawa Ashigaru Yari 3-5

Historical notes: Oda Nabutada with 4000 men reserve not in battle

 

Tokugawa’s Clan

Tokugawa Ieyasu
Daimyo (Befehlshaber des/ Commander of the Tokugawa Clan)

Tokugawa Household Troops

(under personal command of Tokugawa Ieyasu)
Historical notes: includes troops from Osuga Clan and others
Tokugawa Samurai
Cavalry 2-6
Tokugawa Foot Samurai 3-6
Tokugawa Ashigaru Yari 4-5

Honda Tadakatsu (exhaustion:3)
 Historical notes: includes troops from Sakakibari Clan and others
Honda Foot Samurai 3-6
Honda Ashigaru Teppo Regiment 2-5*

Okubu Tadayo (exhaustion:1)
1. Okubu Ashigaru Teppo Skirmisher 1-5
2. Okubu Ashigaru Teppo Skirmisher 1-5

Historical notes: Sakai Tadatsugu´s 3000 men -out of board- attack Takedas Camp  outside the battlefield

works : 15 inch

Takeda Clan’s Army

Takeda Katsuyori
Daimyo (Oberbefehlshaber / Commander-in-Chief)

Takeda Haustruppen / Household Troops (exhaustion: 6)

(under personal Command of Takeda Katsuyori)
Historical notes: includes troops from Takeda Nobutoyo, Takeda Nobukada and others

1. Takeda Samurai Cavalry 2-7 **
2. Takeda Samurai
Cavalry 2-7 **
Takeda  Foot Samurai 3-6
Takeda Ashigaru Yari 2-5
Takeda Ashigaru Teppo/Yumi Skirmisher 1-5

Baba Nobuhara (exhaustion: 3)
Historical notes: includes troops from Anayama and Sanada clans and others
Baba Samurai
Cavalry 2-6**
Baba Foot Samurai 3-6

Naitoh Masatoyo (exhaustion: 3)
Historical notes: includes troops from Obata clan and others
Naitoh Samurai
Cavalry 2-6**
Naitoh Foot Samurai 3-6

Yamagata Masakaga (exhaustion:4)
Historical notes: includes troops from Hara and Amari clan and others
Yamagata Samurai
Cavalry 2-6**
Yamagata “Red Regiment” Foot Samurai 3-6
Yamagata Ashigaru Teppo/Yumi Skirmisher 1-5

Historical notes: Other 2300 Takeda troops maintain the siege of Nagashino Castle

————
* Two Oda aund 1 Honda Teppo Regiment may deploy stationary.
**All Takeda Cavalry are Shock Troops

Battle Results:

Oda/Tokugawa

Date Battle  Winner remarks
06/29/1575 Original Battle
Oda/Tokugawa
 05/10/1998 AG Shogun – KLIO  draw Advantage Oda/Tokugawa
05/13/1998 privat / privately Oda/Tokugawa
 06/20/1998 KLIO Hessen Oda/Tokugawa Best fight of the Takeda
 10/16/1999 KLIO Hessen Takeda Free deployment – 1st victory of the Takeda side
03/18/2000 AG Shogun – KLIO Oda/Tokugawa  Free deployment

All Results:

 

Oda/Tokugawa draw Takeda

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1

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